The Indian higher education system comprises both public and private universities or colleges. The central and state governments run the public institutes/universities, while different societies and bodies run private institutes/universities. The University Grants Commission (UGC) has the authority to control all these institutes through pre-defined guidelines and norms.
Although universities enjoy autonomy with respect to framing the syllabus of different courses and conducting exams, there are other higher educational institutes in India that have the autonomy to award degrees. However, these institutes are not referred to as ‘university’ according to the provisions of the UGC Act. These fall under the list of autonomous colleges in India, in the case of which, the control of the affiliated university and UGC will be minimal.
The basic features of autonomous colleges in India remain the same for every institute. Some of the most important features of the autonomous colleges of India are given below.
The state of Tamil Nadu dominates the list of autonomous institutes in India, with a total of 193 autonomous colleges functioning in the state out of the total 708 autonomous colleges in India.
There are about 193 colleges in Tamil Nadu that enjoy an autonomous status. Some of the popular autonomous colleges in Tamil Nadu are listed below:
|Alagappa Chettiar College of Engineering and Technology, Karaikudi||Coimbatore Institute of Tech Civil Aerodrome|
|Government College of Technology, Coimbatore||Karpagam College of Engineering, Coimbatore|
|National Engineering College, Kovilpatti||P.S.G. College of Technology, Coimbatore|
|Thiagarajar College of Engineering, Madurai||Bishop Heber College, Tiruchirappalli|
|Holy Cross College, Tiruchirappalli||Poompuhar College, Melaiyur|
|St. Joseph’s College, Tiruchirappalli||Erode Arts & Science College, Rangampalayam|
|Kongu Arts and Science College, Nanajanapuram||PSGR Krishnammal College for Women, Coimbatore|
|Guru Nanak College, Chennai||Loyola College, Chennai|
|Devanga Arts College, Aruppukottai||St. Xavier’s College, Tirunelveli|
|Y.M.C.A. College of Physical Education, Madras||—|
The number of autonomous colleges in Andhra Pradesh comes to a total of 104. Some of the popular autonomous colleges of Andhra Pradesh are listed below.
|Andhra Loyola College, Vijayawada||Government College for Women, Guntur|
|KBN College, Kothapeta, Vijayawada||J.M.J. College of Women, Tenali|
|Government Degree College, Rajahmundry||Ideal College of Arts & Science, Kakinada|
|Sir C R Reddy College, Eluru||P.R. Government Degree College (Men), Kakinada|
|Andhra University College of Engineering, Andhra University||Gayatri College of Science & Management, Srikakulam|
|Maharajah’s College, Vizianagaram||Aditya Engineering College|
|Gudlavalleru Engineering College||Prasad V. Potluri Siddhartha Institute of Technology, Vijayawada|
|Velagapudi Ramakrishna Siddhartha Engineering College, Vijayawada||Maris Stella College, Vijayawada|
|P.B. Siddhartha College of Arts & Science, Vijayawada||Sri Sai Baba National Degree College, Anantapur|
Also Read: List of Fake Universities in India by UGC
Karnataka has a total of 71 autonomous colleges, some of which are listed below.
|Jyoti Nivas College, Hosur||Kristu Jayanti College, Bangalore|
|Mount Carmel College, Bangalore||St. Joseph’s College, Bangalore|
|Government Arts College, Chitradurga||K.L.E. Society’s P.C. Jabin Science College, Hubli|
|Government College, Gulbarga||Sahyadri Science College, Shimoga|
|Mahatma Gandhi Memorial College, Udupi||St. Agnes College, Mangalore|
|St. Ann’s College of Education, Mangalore||St. Aloysius College, Mangalore|
|JSS Law College, Mysore||All India Institute of Speech and Hearing, Naimisham Campus, Mysore|
|K.L.E. Society’s Lingaraj College, Belgaum||New Horizon College of Engineering, Bangalore|
|PES Institute of Technology, Bangalore||—|
There are a total of 60 autonomous institutes in Telangana state which are mostly concentrated in cities like Hyderabad and Warangal. Check the list of popular autonomous colleges in Telangana below.
|CMR College of Engineering & Technology, Hyderabad||Geethanjali College of Engineering and Technology|
|JNTUH College of Engineering, Hyderabad||Vaagdevi College of Engineering, Warangal|
|Vardhaman College of Engineering, Hyderabad||Chaitanya Bharathi Institute of Technology, Hyderabad|
|Loyola Academy Degree & P.G. College, Secunderabad||Nizam College, Hyderabad|
|MVS Government Arts & Science College, Mahbubnagar||Girraj Government College, Nizamabad|
|Nagarjuna Govt. College Nalgonda||Government Degree College|
Every year, many students move to Maharashtra to pursue their higher education dream as the state offers good quality education and job opportunities. There are a total of 86 autonomous colleges in Maharashtra that enjoy special powers. Some of these colleges are listed below.
|Govt. College of Arts & Science, Aurangabad||Bhusawal Arts, Science and P.O. Nahata Commerce College|
|College of Engineering, Pune||Fergusson College, Pune|
|MIT Academy of Engineering, Pune||Datta Meghe Institute of Management Studies, Nagpur|
|Yeshwantrao Chavan College of Engineering, Nagpur||Kolhapur Institute of Technology’s College of Engineering|
|K.J. Somaiya College of Arts and Commerce, Mumbai||K.J. Somaiya Institute of Management Studies and Research, Mumbai|
|St. Xavier’s College, Mumbai||Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute, Mumbai|
|S.V.T. College of Home Science, Mumbai|
The eastern state of Odisha, formerly known as Orissa, has a total of 47 autonomous colleges. Popular colleges include the following:
|Rayagada College, Rayagada||Vikram Dev College, Jeypore|
|C.V. Raman College of Engineering, Bhubaneswar||Indira Gandhi Institute of Technology, Sarang|
|Shailabala Women’s College, Cuttack||Rajendra College, Balangir|
|K.B.D.A.V. College, Narakarpur||Nimapara College, Puri|
|Talcher College, Talcher||Ispat College, Rourkela|
|Gangadhar Maher College, Sambalpur||Ramadevi Women’s College, Bhubaneswar|
Madhya Pradesh has a total of 41 autonomous colleges across the state. Popular colleges that attract a large number of students are listed below.
|Pt. S.N. Shukla Government P.G. College, Shahdol||Thakur Ranmat Singh Arts College, Rewa|
|Government Geetanjali Girls College, Bhopal||Institute for Excellence in Higher Education (IEHE), Bhopal|
|Government Arts & Commerce College, Indore||Pioneer Institute of Professional Studies, Indore|
|Government Maharaja P.G. College, Chhattarpur||Shri. G.S. Institute of Technology & Science, Indore|
|G.S. College of Commerce & Economics, Jabalpur||St. Aloysius College, Jabalpur|
A state with the highest literacy rate, Kerala has a total of 19 autonomous colleges. Check the list of popular colleges below.
The state of West Bengal has 15 autonomous colleges at present. These include:
|Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda Centenary College, Kolkata||Panskura Banamali College, Medinipur|
|Midnapore College||Narula Institute of Technology, Agarpara|
|JIS College of Engineering, Kalyani||Jalpaiguri Government Engineering College, Jalpaiguri|
|Heritage Institute of Technology, Kolkata||Guru Nanak Institute of Technology, Kolkata|
|Government College of Engineering & Ceramic Technology, Kolkata||—|
Chhatisgarh has approximately 11 autonomous colleges. The most popular ones are:
Uttar Pradesh has a large population of young students who are keen to pursue higher education in different streams of study. There are a total of 11 autonomous colleges in UP, some of which are listed below.
There are 11 colleges of autonomous nature in the state of Punjab. Few of them include:
|Khalsa College, Amritsar||Amritsar College of Engineering & Technology|
|Shaheed Bhagat Singh State Technical Campus, Ferozpur||Mata Gujri College, Fatehgarh|
|Sophia Girls College, Ajmer||—|
Jharkhand has a total of 5 autonomous colleges. These are:
Himachal Pradesh has 5 autonomous colleges which include the following:
Gujarat has 4 autonomous colleges that offer a variety of courses both at the UG and PG level. These colleges are:
|Shree Manibhai Virani & Smt. Navalben Virani Science College||Birla Vishvakarma Mahavidyalaya|
|St. Xavier’s College||Lok Bharati Lok Seva Mahavidyalaya|
Uttarakhand, popular colleges in the field of engineering, has 4 autonomous colleges. The list is as follows:
|G.B. Pant Engineering College, Uttarakhand||Dehradun Institute of Technology, Dehradun|
|Bipin Chandra Tripathi Kumaon Engineering College, Dwarahat||Pt. L.M.S. Govt. P.G. College, Dehradun|
Jammu and Kashmir region has 3 autonomous colleges including:
There are a total of 3 autonomous colleges in Pondicherry region that are:
Rajasthan also has 5 autonomous colleges. Some of them are:
There are 3 autonomous colleges in Nagaland which include:
Assam has 2 autonomous colleges that are:
There is only 1 autonomous college in Haryana that is:
Like Haryana, Manipur also has only 1 autonomous college which is:
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