Background information

India’s medical schools are usually called medical colleges. Medical school quality is controlled by the central regulatory authority, the Medical Council of India, which inspects the institutes from time to time and recognises institutes for specific courses. Most of the medical school were set up by the central and state governments in the 1950s and 60s. But in the 1980s, several private medical institutes were founded in several states, particularly in Karnataka. Andhra Pradesh state allowed the founding of several private institutions in the new millennium.[2] Medical education in a private institute is very expensive.

The basic medical qualification obtained in Indian medical schools is MBBS. The MBBS course is four-and-a-half years, followed by one year of Compulsory Rotating Residential Internship (CRRI). The MBBS course is followed by MS, a post-graduation course in surgical specialities, MS or MD and DNB (Highly qualified P.G. and Super specialization), which are postgraduate courses in medical specialities usually of three years duration, or by diploma postgraduate courses of two years duration. Super or sub-specialities can be pursued and only a MS or MD holder is eligible. A qualification in a super- or sub-speciality is called DM or M.Ch.

In most Indian states, entry to medical education is based on entrance examinations. Some prestigious institutes like the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Christian Medical College & Hospital (CMCH) VelloreKasturba Medical College (Manipal and Mangalore), Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC), St. John’s Medical College (Bangalore) and National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS)conduct entrance tests at the national level and attract candidates from all over India.

Though India has many medical schools and produces thousands of medical graduates every year, there is a great shortage of doctors in rural areas. Most graduates do not wish to practice in rural areas due to understaffed hospitals and inadequate facilities.

India is one of only a few countries where graduates from local medical schools end up working in other countries all over the world, but particularly in the Middle East, the UK and the USA.

Indian states with the most medical colleges include Karnataka, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, and Andhra Pradesh. States with the fewest include Manipur, Tripura, Chandigarh, Goa, and Sikkim.[1] Following is an incomplete list of medical colleges in India.

Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Andhra Pradesh

Government colleges

Private colleges

Arunachal Pradesh



NameEstablishedCityUniversityTypeDegrees AwardedCommentsRef.
Anugrah Narayan Magadh Medical College and Hospital1969GayaAryabhatta Knowledge UniversityGovernment  [3]
All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna2012PatnaAutonomousPublic  [4]
Darbhanga Medical College and Hospital1946DarbhangaLalit Narayan Mithila UniversityGovernment  [5]
Government Medical College, Bettiah2008BettiahAryabhatta Knowledge UniversityGovernment  [6]
Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences1983PatnaAutonomousPublic  [7]
Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College and Hospital1970BhagalpurAryabhatta Knowledge UniversityGovernment  [8]
Katihar Medical College and Hospital1987KatiharAl-Karim UniversityPrivate  [9]
Lord Buddha Koshi Medical College and Hospital2012SaharsaBhupendra Narayan Mandal UniversityPrivate  [10]
Patna Medical College and Hospital1925PatnaAryabhatta Knowledge UniversityGovernment  [11]
Nalanda Medical College Hospital1970PatnaMagadh UniversityGovernment  [12]
Narayan Medical College and Hospital2008SasaramVeer Kunwar Singh UniversityPrivate  [13]
Rajendra Memorial Research Institute of Medical Sciences1963PatnaTilka Manjhi Bhagalpur UniversityCalcutta UniversityGovernment  [14]
Sri Krishna Medical College and Hospital1970MuzaffarpurAryabhatta Knowledge UniversityGovernment  [15]
Vardhman Institute of Medical Sciences2013PawapuriAryabhatta Knowledge UniversityGovernment  [16]






Government Medical Colleges

Total: 600 seats

Private medical colleges

Total: 1400 seats[20]

Jammu & Kashmir




Government Medical Colleges

Government Sponsored Self Financing

  • Academy of Medical Sciences, Pariyaram, Kannur

Private self-financing


Colleges run by the Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai

Colleges run by the Government of Maharashtra

Private Medical Colleges and Deemed Medical Colleges

Madhya Pradesh




New Delhi








Tamil Nadu


Government colleges

Private colleges


Uttar Pradesh


West Bengal

  • WBUHS Affiliated
Bankura Sammilani Medical College1956BankuraWBUHSState Funded 
Burdwan Medical College1969Purba BardhamanWBUHSState Funded 
Calcutta National Medical College1948KolkataWBUHSState Funded 
College Of Medicine & JNM Hospital2009KalyaniUniversity CampusState Funded 
College of Medicine & Sagore Dutta Hospital2010KolkataWBUHSState Funded 
Coochbehar Government Medical College and Hospital2019CoochbeharWBUHSState Funded 
Diamond Harbour Government Medical College and Hospital2019Diamond HarbourWBUHSState Funded 
ESIC Medical College, Kolkata2013JokaWBUHSCentral Funded 
ICARE Institute of Medical Sciences and Research2011HaldiaWBUHSPrivate 
IPGMER and SSKM Hospital1707KolkataWBUHSState Funded 
IQ City Medical College2016DurgapurWBUHSPrivate 
Jagannath Gupta Institute of Medical Sciences and Hospital2016KolkataWBUHSPrivate 
KPC Medical College and Hospital2006KolkataWBUHSState Funded 
Malda Medical College and Hospital2011MaldaWBUHSState Funded 
Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata1835KolkataWBUHSState Funded 
Midnapore Medical College and Hospital2004MidnaporeWBUHSState Funded 
Murshidabad Medical College2012BerhamporeWBUHSState Funded 
Nil Ratan Sarkar Medical College and Hospital1873KolkataWBUHSState Funded 
North Bengal Medical College1968SiliguriWBUHSState Funded 
R. G. Kar Medical College and Hospital1886KolkataWBUHSState Funded 
Raiganj Government Medical College and Hospital2019RaiganjWBUHSState Funded 
Rampurhat Government Medical College and Hospital2019BirbhumWBUHSState Funded 
Shri Ramkrishna Institute of Medical Sciences and Sanaka Hospital2015DurgapurWBUHSPrivate
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