What is Biotechnology Engineering?

Biotechnology engineering is an undergraduate degree programme in applied sciences that amalgamates the facts from both Biological sciences and technology. This study utilizes the biological processes which include the study of microorganisms or knowledge of antibiotics and further implement them in various industrial purpose.

In simple terms, Biotechnology is a study which involves the use of living organisms. The living organisms are used to make useful chemicals which can be utilized in industries. Biotechnological products are used in areas like agriculture, food sciences and medicine.  

Required Skillsets for Biotechnology Engineers

Biotechnology engineers tend to work with a broad range of medical, technical and admin professionals. The key skillsets include:

  • Tissue culture is one of the most widely used techniques in any biological or biomedical research lab. If you are looking for a placement or job, tissue culture will be a very valuable biotechnology skill to have.
  • PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction) is a technique used to make many copies of a specific DNA region in vitro. 
  • Gel electrophoresis is another widely used technique in molecular biology, biochemistry, genetics and modern biotechnology.
  • Western blot, also known as protein immunoblot, is a popular molecular biology technique for the detection and analysis of proteins based on their ability to bind to specific antibodies.
  • ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) is a popular format of “wet-lab” type analytic biochemistry assay that uses a solid-phase enzyme immunoassay (EIA) to detect the presence of a substance, usually an antigen ( peptides, proteins, antibodies and hormones), in a liquid sample or wet sample.
  • Molecular cloning or simply gene cloning is a molecular biology technique that is used to assemble recombinant DNA molecules and to direct their replication within host organisms.
  • Flow cytometry is a laser- or impedance-based technique used in cell counting, cell sorting, biomarker detection and protein engineering, by suspending cells in a stream of fluid and passing them through an electronic detection apparatus.
  • Mass spectrometry (MS) is an analytical technique that ionises chemical species and sorts the ions based on their mass-to-charge ratio. 
  • Confocal microscopy is an optical imaging technique for increasing optical resolution and contrast of a micrograph by means of adding a spatial pin-hole placed at the confocal plane of the lens to eliminate out-of-focus light. 
  • Cell-based assays are extremely useful for studying cellular mechanisms in a biological context.
  • Apart from the wet lab techniques, data analysis using proper statistical methods and software is very important in biotechnology and medical research. 

Eligibility Criteria for Biotechnology Engineering

The minimum eligibility criteria required in order to pursue a BTech programme in Biotechnology states that a candidate should have completed their + 2 education with PCB. While there are engineering institutes that consider Mathematics a compulsory subject in order to offer admissions to candidates, institutes like JNU does not make maths mandatory for seeking admissions into the BTech in Biotechnology programmes. Candidates who have studied Biology in +2 can also apply for admissions. 

Course curriculum for Biotechnology Engineering

The syllabus and course curriculum for BTech in Biotechnology vary for each university. However, we have enlisted a general list of topics included in the course programmes.





Inorganic chemistry

Chemical bonding

Acids and Bases




This course introduces the concepts of inorganic chemistry.

Foundation course in physics

Interference by the division of wavefront



Introduction to lasers

Fibre optical

This course is designed to provide fundamental knowledge of theories and concepts in physics.

Life sciences

Origin of life



Energy utilization

This course focuses on the discipline of Life Sciences and concepts related to it.

Essential in mathematics

Algebra of matrices

Quadratic forms

Mean value theorems

Partial derivatives

Mathematics is an essential part of the core curriculum for engineering courses.

Concepts in biotechnology

Introduction to biotechnology

Protein structure and engineering

Plant cell culture

This course introduces to the discipline of biotechnology and explains some of the basic concepts of biotechnology.

Introduction to computers


Data storage

Programming using C

In this course, students learn the basics of computer and programming languages.

Foundation course in organic chemistry

Electronic displacements

Reactive intermediaries


Organic Chemistry is an important subject in Biotechnology. This course explains the basic ideas in organic chemistry.

Life sciences

Coordination and control


Asexual reproduction

This course intends to study Life Science in a broader horizon.

Electric sciences

Properties of conductor and insulators

Alternating currents

Measuring instruments


This paper focuses on the basic concepts of electronics and electrical science.


Microbes in human life

Functional anatomy

Microbial growth

Microbiology is another important paper for Biotechnology. It introduces topics and concepts of microbiology.


Biochemical evolution


Nucleic acids


This course focuses on the study of energy flow through living systems.

Cell biology



Cell signalling

Cell cycle and division

This course intends to study the structure and function of living cells.

Chemical engineering

Chemical equations

Hearts of solution

The flow of incompressible fluids

This course focuses on the basic concepts of chemical engineering.

Molecular biology

Structure and properties of nucleic acids

DNA replication

Gene mutation

This paper aims to study biological activity at the molecular level.

Enzyme technology

Introduction to enzymes

Specificity of enzymes

Immobilization of enzyme

Enzyme technology is a subfield of biotechnology. This course introduces the concepts and theories of this field.

Plant tissue culture

Cellular totipotency

Cell and suspension culture

Protoplast culture

Haploid culture

This course studies techniques used to maintain or grow plant cells, tissues or organs artificially in a lab.

Animal biotechnology

Introduction to animal tissue culture

Design, layout and equipment

Primary culture

It is the study of science and engineering to modify living beings.

Developmental biology

History and basic concepts

Germ cell


This course focuses on the study of the process by which animals and plants grow and develop.

Biotechnology Engineering Job Profiles & Top Recruiters

A huge list of Pharmaceutical companies offers job opportunities for Biotechnology engineers. However, there are breweries, health care services, environmental departments also require biomedical engineers. Key responsibilities as a biotechnology engineer are to harness biological systems as a way of producing new products. As a professional, it is required to get into the nitty-gritty of how biological processes occur and also find ways to adapt, alter, change and control their function.

Biological technicians also work at Universities or commercial lab assisting in various researches. Biochemists, Biophysicists or Microbiologists are s few of the Biotechnology technicians job profiles.

Enlisted below is the list of a few reputed companies that offer job opportunities to Biotechnology engineering professionals.


Products and Services 


Siemens Healthcare


Products Group:  Hearing Instruments, Laboratory Diagnostics, Medical Imaging, Therapy Systems


Siemens Healthcare is a medical technology company which is headquartered in Erlangen, Germany.

Johnson & Johnson


Medical Devices Products:

Orthopedics , Cardiovascular Disease, Coronary Artery Disease, Peripheral Vascular and Obstructive Disease, Neurovascular Disease, Arrhythmias, Diabetes Care, Self-Measured Blood Glucose Monitors, Insulin Delivery Devices, Diagnostics,  


Johnson & Johnson is an American multinational medical device, pharmaceutical and consumer packaged goods manufacturer which was founded in 1886.



Products:  Anaesthesia Workstations, Consumables and Accessories, IT and Software Solutions, Patient Monitoring, Ventilation and Respiratory Monitoring, Warming Therapy and Neonatal Care


Drägerwerk AG is a German company based in Lübeck which is involved in the manufacturing of breathing and protection equipment, gas detection and analysis systems, and noninvasive patient monitoring technologies

Fresenius Medical Care AG & Co. KGAA


Products and services: Hemodialysis, Peritoneal dialysis, Acute dialysis, Infusion therapy, Transfusion technology, Liver support therapy


Fresenius Medical Care is a German company specializing in the production of medical supplies, primarily to facilitate or aid renal dialysis.



Product Categories: Laparoscopic cameras, endoscopy, Neurosurgical, Spine & ENT, OR Equipment and Connectivity, Surgical Navigation Software, OR Equipment and Connectivity


Stryker Corporation is a Fortune 500 medical technologies firm based in Kalamazoo, Michigan. Stryker’s products include implants used in joint replacement and trauma surgeries; surgical equipment and surgical navigation systems; endoscopic and communications systems; patient handling and emergency medical equipment; neurosurgical, neurovascular and spinal devices; as well as other medical device products used in a variety of medical specialities.

Philips Healthcare:


Products and services: Radiography, Ultrasound, Diagnostic ECG, Patient monitoring, Mammography, Computed tomography,


Koninklijke Philips N.V. (stylized as PHILIPS) is a Dutch technology company. Philips Healthcare is headquartered in both Best, Netherlands (near Eindhoven) and Andover, Massachusetts, United States (near Boston)

Samsung Healthcare:


Products:  Digital Radiography, Ultrasound, Ultrasound,



Smiths Medical


Products: Anesthesia Airway, Infusion Systems, Interventional Imaging, Pain Management, Patient Monitoring, Pressure Monitoring, Respiratory, Tracheostomy Tubes and Kits, Vascular Access, Ventilation


Smiths Medical is a leading supplier of speciality medical devices and consumables that are vital to patient care around the world.

Toshiba Medical Systems:


Products:  Computed Tomography, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Ultrasound, X-Ray, Nuclear Medicine


Toshiba Medical Systems Corporation is a medical equipment company based in ?tawara, Tochigi, Japan.

Olympus Medical:


Products: Imaging systems, Endoscopes, Endotherapy devices, Hand Instruments. 


Olympus is a pioneer in innovative technologies in endoscopy and laparoscopy and supports healthcare professionals to improve the quality of patient care.  

Karl Storz:


Product Groups: Videoscopes, Borescopes, Flexoscopes, Light sources, Measurement Systems and Documentation, Portable Systems


KARL STORZ Endoscopy-America, Inc., is a leading provider of reusable products for endoscopy and related medical technologies. 

Allengers Medical Systems:


Products profile: Radiology, Cardiology, Urology, Neurology, Orthopaedics, IT solutions.


Incorporated in the year 1987, Allengers Medical Systems Ltd. is headquartered at Chandigarh, India, and is one of the leading manufacturers and exporters of a wide range of medical diagnostic equipment comprising X-ray systems, DR systems, DSA systems, C-arms, Cathlabs, Remote controlled RF table, Mammography, Lithotripters, OPG, MPM, ECG, EEG, EMG, PSG, etc. Known for functionally superior and cost-effective nature, all the products offered by us are manufactured using the finest quality raw material. 



Product range: Anti-Coagulants, Cardiology, Immunology, Neurology, Thyroid, Diabetes & Urology, 



Abbott has a broad range of branded generic pharmaceuticals, medical devices, diagnostics, and nutrition products. The company’s in-vitro diagnostics business performs immunoassays and blood screening. Its medical tests and diagnostic instrument systems are used worldwide by hospitals, laboratories, blood banks, and physician offices to diagnose and monitor diseases such as HIV, hepatitis, cancer, heart failure and metabolic disorders, as well as assess other indicators of health.

Hamilton Medical


Product Range: Ventilators, Respiratory care supplies


Hamilton Medical provides intelligent ventilation solutions for all patients and situations. 

Popular Biotechnology Engineering Colleges in India

Following are the most popular Biotechnology Engineering Colleges in India. Learn more about these Biotechnology Engineering colleges (Courses, Reviews, Answers & more) by downloading the Brochure.
B.Tech. in Bio-Technology
  • Total Fees: ₹ 8.52 Lakh
  • |
  • 4 years
  • |
  • Full Time
M.Tech. in Biotechnology
  • 2 years
  • |
  • Full Time
  • Total Fees: ₹ 20,000
  • |
  • 2 years
  • |
  • Full Time
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